What is Achalasia?

Achalasia is a chronic medical condition in which the tube that is responsible for carrying the food from mouth to the stomach gets affected. This disorder totally disrupts the normal functioning of this tube by destroying the capability of esophagus i.e. stomach to carry food to and from the stomach. It is also known as Esophageal Achalasia but some doctors and senior medical professionals recognize it as an Esophageal Motility Disorder in which the Esophagus dies due to long term dysfunction of the tube. Achalasia is in various ways the opposite condition of GERD. While patients with GERD suffer from a weakened lower esophageal sphincter patients with Achalasia have an excessively tight lower esophageal sphincter.

The lower esophageal sphincter a valve situated at the end of the esophagus, stays closed during swallowing, resulting in the back up of food. Other Symptoms of Achalasia include vomiting undigested food, chest pain and heartburn and weight loss. Achalasia can happen at any age but is more prominent in middle-aged and elderly persons. It affects men and women equally and has not yet been connected to any exact causes.

In Achalasia the flat muscle layer of the esophagus and esophageal sphincter is gripped badly which makes it extremely difficult for the muscles to transfer food down the esophagus which also leads to bloating and other symptoms such as constipation etc. Middle aged people or older adults are most commonly affected by this disorder. Sometimes it is also believed to be inherited and therefore known as a genetic disorder. Very few people tend to suffer from this chronic medical disorder of esophagus. It is not dangerous if treated in time. Doctors recommend biopsy in order to properly diagnose and treat this disorder.