Uveitis has dozens of causes, including viral, fungal and bacterial infections. But, in numerous cases, the cause is unknown. Eye care practitioners sometimes can recognize the cause if there has been trauma to the eye, such as from surgery or a blow, or if you have an infectious or immunological systemic disorder.
Some of the several different systemic disorders that can uveitis causes include:
- birdshot retinochoroidopathy
- acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy
- ankylosing spondylitis
- inflammatory bowel disease
- herpes zoster
- juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
- Lyme disease
- herpes simplex
- Behcet's disease
- Kawasaki's disease
- multiple sclerosis
Also, research published in the journal Ophthalmology shows smoking is a risk factor for uveitis. Cigarette smoke includes compounds that stimulate irritation within the blood vessels, and this may contribute to immune system disruption and uveitis
If your eye doctor determines you have uveitis, he or she wills probable recommend a steroid to diminish the inflammation in your eye. Whether the steroid is administered as an eye drop, pill or injection depends on the type of uveitis you have. Because iritis affects the front of the eye, Treatment for Uveitis usually treats with eye drops.
Posterior uveitis usually requires tablets or injections. Depending on your symptoms, any of these treatments might be used for intermediate uveitis. This is particularly correct of steroids in pill form because the dose must be somewhat high in order for enough of the drug to find its way to the back of the eye.