Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts in the kidneys. Autosomal dominant PKD is the most common inherited form while autosomal recessive PKD is a rare.
What is Polycystic Kidney Disease?
Polycystic Kidney Disease is a genetic disorder where clusters of cysts grow primarily in the kidneys, the organs responsible for filtering waste and excess fluid from the blood. These cysts are filled with fluid and can cause the kidneys to become enlarged. Eventually, the cysts can take over the kidneys and impair their function, leading to kidney failure.
Polycystic Kidney Disease varies greatly with its severity as some individuals can have this disease for many years and not even be aware of it due to a lack of symptoms, while others can experience symptoms that are severe including a significant loss in kidney functioning as well as total kidney failure.
Patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease can feel chronic pain, which might become severe if cysts break. Incidents of bloody urine happen periodically, and a number of people suffer kidney stones. Cyst fluid and urine could become infected, producing chills, fever and worsening back pain.
Key Facts of Polycystic Kidney Disease
- Polycystic Kidney disease is an illness of the kidneys described by the development of a few growths inside them
- The blisters formed are loaded with liquid and cause the kidneys to broaden
- This disorder aggravates the typical structure and consequently the ordinary working of the kidneys
- If not dealt with in time Polycystic Kidney infection can prompt kidney failure
- Polycsystic kidney disease is delegated a standout amongst the most life debilitating hereditary ailments
- In spite of the fact that it influences the kidneys it infrequently affects different organs as well, for example, the liver
- It is evaluated that worldwide around 12.5 million individuals a year get attacked by this sickness
Causes of Polycystic Kidney Disease
A gene mutation or defect Causes of Polycystic Kidney Disease. In most PKD cases a child got the gene mutation from a parent. In a small number of PKD cases the gene mutation developed on its own without either parent carrying a copy of the mutated gene.
Following are some of the root Causes of Polycystic Kidney Disease that are responsible for its onset:
- Autosomal dominant trait
- Aortic aneurysms
- Brain aneurysms
- Cysts in liver, pancreas and testes
- Diverticula of the colon
The swelling disrupts kidney function and leads to chronic high blood pressure and kidney infections. The cysts may also Causes of Polycystic Kidney Disease to produce more erythropoietin a hormone that stimulates production of red blood cells. This leads to the production of too various red blood cells rather than the opposite situation of anemia usually seen in chronic kidney disease.
Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease
The signs and Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease such as pain, high blood pressure and kidney failure are also PKD complications. In many cases PKD does not cause signs or symptoms until your kidney cysts are a half inch or larger in size.Symptoms generally include discomfort or pain in the side or abdomen, blood in the urine, frequent urination and extreme crampy pain from kidney stones.
Some of the most common Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease include:
- Back and side pain
- Kidney stones
- Infections in the urinary tract
- Hematuria -blood in the urine
- Liver and pancreatic cysts
- Abnormal heart beats
- High blood pressure
- Clusters of cysts in the kidney
- Aneurysms bulges in the walls of blood vessels in the brain
- Diverticulosis bulging of small pouches outward through the colon
Initial Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease in the womb are larger-than-normal kidneys and a smaller-than-average size baby a condition called growth failure. The primary signs of PKD are also complications. Though some people with PKD do not grow signs or symptoms until later in childhood or even adulthood.
In other cases, fatigue, nausea and other consequences of chronic kidney disease may effect because the individual has less functioning kidney tissue.
Diagnosis of Polycystic Kidney Disease
Diagnosis of Polycystic Kidney Disease is often diagnosed when a person starts to have the symptoms of PKD but not all people who have PKD will have all of these symptoms. Ultrasound is the most reliable cheap and non-invasive way to diagnose PKD. If someone at risk for Polycystic Kidney Disease is older than 40 years and has a normal ultrasound of the kidneys he or she possibly does not have PKD. Sometimes a CT scan (computed tomography scan) and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) may detect smaller cysts that cannot be found by an ultrasound. MRI is used to measure and monitor volume and growth of kidneys and cysts.
The test is costly, and it also fails to detect Polycystic Kidney Disease in about 15% of people who have it. However, genetic testing can be useful when a person:
- Has an uncertain diagnosis based on imaging tests
- Has a family history of PKD and wants to donate a kidney
- Is younger than 30-years old with a family history of PKD and a negative ultrasound, and is planning to start a family
Diagnosis of Polycystic Kidney Disease is usually by imaging, showing extensive and bilateral cystic changes throughout the kidneys, which are typically enlarged and have a moth-eaten appearance due to cysts that displace functional tissue. These changes develop with age and are less often present or obvious in younger patients.
Risk Factor for Polycystic Kidney Disease
Having a parent with this genetic disorder is the key Risk Factor for Polycystic Kidney Disease. Thus, a positive family history of PKD increases one’s risk.
- If one parent has Autosomal Dominant PKD, then there is a 50% chance that their child will inherit the condition
- If both parents have the gene for Autosomal Recessive PKD, then there is a 25% chance that their child will inherit the condition. In autosomal recessive form, If only one parent carries the gene, then the child will not develop Polycystic Kidney Disease
Complications of Polycystic Kidney Disease
The complications of Polycystic Kidney Disease may include:
- Abnormal heart valves
- Aneurysms bulging of the blood vessel walls due to weakening of the vessel in the brain. This can lead to rupture and bleeding inside the brain
- Chronic high blood pressure: This is one of the most common results of polycystic kidney disease.
- Diverticulosis - the presence of small sacs in the large intestine
- Formation of liver cysts
- Increased risk of heart attack and stroke, due to high blood pressure
Key Points of Polycystic Kidney Disease
Key Points of Polycystic Kidney Disease may include:
- Do not routinely screen asymptomatic patients for ADPKD or asymptomatic patients who have ADPKD for cerebral aneurysms.
- Extrarenal manifestations are common and include cerebral and coronary artery aneurysms, cardiac valve disease, and cysts in the liver, pancreas, and intestines.
- Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease occurs in about 1/1000 people.
- Arrange genetic counseling for 1st-degree relatives of patients with ADPKD.
- Hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy are common complications of ADPKD.
Prevention of Polycystic Kidney Disease
There is no way to Prevention of Polycystic Kidney Disease. There is also no cure. However, you can manage symptoms of PKD through lifestyle changes and medication. Talk to your doctor about how to best manage your symptoms.
Some tips for living healthy include:
- Limit alcohol
- Keep a healthy blood pressure
- Keep a healthy blood sugar level
- Keep a healthy weight
- Follow a low-salt, low-fat diet
- Maintain a healthy weight. Ask your doctor what the right weight is for you.
- Take all prescription medicines as your doctor tells you to
- Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day, most days of the week
- Do not take more than the recommended dose of over-the-counter medicines
- Eat a low-salt diet containing plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
- Do not smoke or use any tobacco product. If you smoke or use tobacco, quit now
Why do you think you should go for dietary herbal supplement?
You should go for dietary herbal supplement because:
- Made of natural ingredients
- Packaged safely in air tight jars
- Superior quality
- Offer great value for money
Here is a list of ingredients used in this dietary herbal supplement for your reference:
- Wattle Bark 116.27 mg
- Elephant Creeper 58.11 mg
- Sweet Root 58.13 mg
- Coral calcium 34.88 mg
- Iron Compound 34.88 mg
- Cloves 23.25 mg
- Indian Bay-leaf 23.25 mg
- Nutmeg 23.25 mg
- Spanish chamomile 23.25 mg
- Vermilion 23.25mg
- The herbal pill is intended for oral use only.
- Take 2 tablets each day in the morning after breakfast and evening after dinner.
- Fix times for daily intake and follow precisely.
- Be regular to witness the most outstanding results.
Here we have some old school tips compiled for you to take advantage from. We will keep updating them as soon as we come up with something new through experiment. In the meanwhile read and follow these:
- Drink plenty of water everyday
- Stay away from salty foods or excessive intake of salt
- Take plenty of fluids
- Do not eat spicy foods because they can irritate and inflame the cyst
- All these tips will keep you motivated and make you feel good about yourself while you are still undergoing the Polycystic Kidney Disease management routine with our Herbal Alternative Medicine.
- These tips and tricks are by no means a replacement of our herbal pills or any other prescribed medication.